How we measure
We facilitate the transition to a fairer, greener economy by financing sustainable projects and supporting clients that help solve environmental and social challenges. We measure this with “sustainable transitions financed”, or STF.
Growing sustainable transitions
In 2016, Wholesale Banking introduced an ambition to increase our STF to EUR 35 billion by 2020. At year-end 2016, our STF amounted to EUR 34.3 billion. This is an increase of more than EUR 10 billion compared to year-end 2015, driven partly by new transactions and partly by improving our processes for identifying sustainable transactions and clients. (See graph below.)
We nearly met our 2020 ambition in 2016. In order to maintain this momentum and further accelerate sustainable transitions, we will revisit our 2020 ambition and underlying methodology in 2017.
We train and encourage employees to engage with clients in finding strategic financing solutions for their sustainability ambitions. Such solutions are provided through a variety of products, including corporate loans and project finance loans. We also offer finance through innovative green products like green loans and green bonds.
Measuring in categories
STF is measured across the following categories:
- ING Groenbank (‘Green bank’)
- Renewable energy
- Sustainable real estate
- Environmental outperformers
- Other projects
ING Groenbank offers corporate customers in the Netherlands advice and green banking products. ING Retail clients can also deposit their savings or buy notes in ING Groenbank. All projects financed by Groenbank are certified by the Dutch government as environmentally friendly.
The energy sector is also central to a sustainable future. ING’s Utilities, Power and Renewables team strives to bridge investment gaps in clean power technologies and innovation. We also call upon governments to create (tax and legal) incentives for long-term investments.
Buildings make up roughly 40 percent of global emissions. As such, real estate is one of the sectors where improvements in energy efficiency can have a large impact on lowering CO2 emissions. Our transactions increasingly involve high-grade sustainable real estate collateral. In the Netherlands, for example, we support clients through our innovative sustainability app.
At year-end 2016, Sustainable Real Estate Finance totalled EUR 7.2 billion, making up 23 percent of the total REF portfolio. This represents year-on-year growth of EUR 6.2 billion. This growth is largely due to an improved data collection process, which allowed us to identify existing loans that qualify as sustainable. At the same time, developing innovative tools and green products for clients, training staff, and setting ambitious targets helped drive new sustainable business.
|Total Sustainable Transitions Financed|
|in EUR million at year-end||2016||2015||2014|
|ING Groenbank 1||745||875||836|
|Renewable Energy 2||4.658||3.187||1.730|
|Sustainable Real Estate 3||7.207||998||389|
|Other projects 4||1.638||1.274||379|
|Environmental Outperformers 5||20.020||17.470||16.142|
- ING Groenbank finances projects within and outside of the Netherlands. In line with Dutch tax authority guidelines, the amount of green loans on the Groenbank balance sheet is over 70%. For more details on ING Groenbank, please see the “Retail Banking” chapter of our Annual Report.
- Includes biomass, geothermal, hydro, solar, offshore and onshore wind power generation. In 2016, we improved the process for extracting renewables data from our system, which gives a more complete overview of our exposure.
- The 2016 figure of sustainable real estate grew by EUR 6.2 billion. This is largely due to an improved data collection process, which allowed us to identify existing loans that qualify as sustainable. At the same time, developing innovative tools and green products for clients, training staff, and setting ambitious targets helped drive new sustainable business.
- Includes projects involving energy efficiency, greenhouse gas reduction, climate change and mitigation, waste-to-energy, public transport, waste reduction, social welfare.
- As of year-end 2014, ING reports on loans to clients who have been identified as environmental outperformers based on independent reputable data provider or internal client assessments.
Sustainable assets under management
ING has been providing socially responsible investment (SRI) strategies for customers since 1999. These strategies consist of dedicated portfolios of sustainable investment funds, or portfolios of bonds and equity of individual sustainable companies.
SRI is available to retail customers in Belgium, Luxembourg, Germany and the Netherlands. In the Netherlands, the bank applies a best-in-class assessment and excludes companies in specific sectors, such as tobacco or coal mining, as well as companies that exhibit controversial behaviour, such as violations of human rights.
In other countries, it is only possible to invest in sustainable funds that use these screening methods. SRI opportunities cover all asset classes, including government bonds, corporate bonds, investment funds and index trackers.
In 2016, our sustainable assets under management for customers increased to 3.315 billion, up 22% from EUR 2.573 billion in 2015.
How are we doing?
- Our goal: we will increase our sustainable assets under management.
- Our performance in 2016: our sustainable assets under management for customers increased to 3.315 billion, up 22% from EUR 2,573 million in 2015.
- Our ambition: We will increase our financing of sustainable transitions to EUR 35 bln by 2020.
- Our performance at year-end 2016: EUR 34.3 billion sustainable transitions financed, an increase of 44% compared to year-end 2015.